"You can fix anything if you think hard enough."
William LeMessurier In discussing the Citicorp Tower problems with students at MIT.



Building Failure Case Studies
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Aircraft Impacts - Accidental


Air-supported Roofs


Collapse During Construction


Collapse During Renovations, Alterations and Demolitions



Construction Accidents





Corrosion



Crane and Scaffold Collapses


  • UT Dallas Arts & Technology Building Construction Crane Collapse (July 7, 2012) Starter Article Available

Decks, Balconies, and Stairs

  • State College, PA Balcony Railing Failure
  • Vermillion, SD Balcony Collapse (April 2010)


Demolition Accidents and Errors

  • DeGeorge Building- Unexpected Collapse During Demo - Travis Street - Houston, TX - June 10, 1953




Design, Detailing, Construction & Procedural Errors


Computer Modeling Errors


Mixed Framing Systems



Concrete Structures (CIP)



Precast Concrete


Steel Structures



Wood Structures
  • Available for Case Study Contribution

Earthquake Related Failure Cases

Earthquake Lessons Learned - Buildings

  • 1940 El Centro Earthquake (1940 Imperial Valley Earthquake) Available







Environmental

  • New York State Office Building, Binghampton, NY, PCB Contamination
  • Santa Fe Courthouse Contaminated Soil Construction Delay, Sana Fe, New Mexico -(2009)


Ethics & Standard of Care



Expansion and Movement

  • David L. Lawrence Convention Center Expansion Joint Failure / Loading Dock Floor Collpase (Feb. 5, 2007)
  • Wilkins AFB Warehouse, Shelby, OH (1955) and Robins AFB Warehouse, Macon, GA (1956) - Available for Case Study Contribution

Geotechnical / Foundations


Hurricane / Tornado / High Wind


Historic & Preservation



  • Cape Hatteras Light Station - Preservation and Relocation (1999)
  • Darlington Apartment Building Collapse (1904)
  • Elks Lodge Building Collapse, Clinton MO (2006) - Available for Case Study Contribution
  • Fallingwater - Restoration and Structural Reinforcement (AE 537 2010)
  • Majestic Theater, Pittsburgh, PA (1922) - Available for Case Study Contribution
  • Trinity Church - Preservation and Restoration, Boston, MA (AE 537 2014 Dastalfo)
  • United States Capitol Dome - Condition Assessment and Restoration (AE 537 2010)
  • Washington Momument - Evaluation & Restoration - (Pre-2011 Earthquake work)



Industrial Accidents / Collapses

  • Deepwater Horizon Oil Rig Explosion & Fire

Legal Issues in Failures & Forensics

  • Economic Loss Doctrine applied to Construction

Long-Span Structures

(Also refer to: Stadiums & Arenas )

  • Cover-All Building Systems Inc. Safety Warnings on Product Lines
  • Georgia Dome - Atlanta, GA - Fabric Roof Panel Failures (August 1995)
  • Hartford Civic Center (Jan. 18, 1978)
  • Kansas City Kemper Arena (June 4, 1979)
  • King Dome - Seattle, WA - Roofing, Waterproofing & Ceiling Tile Failure (1993)
  • Montreal Olympic Stadium (Multiple failures including fire, tower and roof damage in 1980's, falling concrete slab in 1991 and Fabric Roof Failure in January 1999.
  • SkyDome - Toronto - Acoustical Sound Tiles / Panel Fall Failure (June 22, 1995)

Material Deficiencies


Concrete Materials, Mixes & Testing


Masonry - Brick, Concrete & Stone


Steel, Welds, and Metallurgy



Wood Defects and Treatment

  • Overview

Near Collapses & Stability Concerns

  • Pigeonhole Parking Garage - Cleveland (1956) - Available for Case Study Contribution

Parking Garages - Various Causes




Progressive Collapse


Snow Load - Roof Collapse





Temporary Structures

(Stages, Platforms, Show Rigging, etc.)

Terrorism and Attack




Sample Pages for Workshop & Teaching Purposes: