"You can fix anything if you think hard enough."
William LeMessurier In discussing the Citicorp Tower problems with students at MIT.



Building Failure Case Studies
Harbour_Cay_Condominium_(2).JPG
Click Photo to visit Building Failures Forum for Failures News, Recent Blog Posts and Weird Failures




Aircraft Impacts - Accidental


Air-supported Roofs


Collapse During Construction


Collapse During Renovations, Alterations and Demolitions



Construction Accidents





Corrosion

  • Algo Centre Mall Collapse, Elliott Lake, Ontario ( June 23, 2012 ) (AE 537 2013 R. McDonald)
  • Carpenter's Tower PT Slab Deterioration- Seattle, WA (April 2010)
  • University of Virginia Historic Balcony Collapse (May 18, 1997)
  • West Berlin Congress Hall (1980) - AE 210 Wiki 1


Crane and Scaffold Collapses


  • UT Dallas Arts & Technology Building Construction Crane Collapse (July 7, 2012) Starter Article Available

Decks, Balconies, and Stairs

  • State College, PA Balcony Railing Failure
  • Vermillion, SD Balcony Collapse (April 2010)


Demolition Accidents and Errors

  • DeGeorge Building- Unexpected Collapse During Demo - Travis Street - Houston, TX - June 10, 1953




Design, Detailing & Procedural Errors


Computer Modeling Errors


Mixed Framing Systems



Concrete Structures (CIP)



Precast Concrete

  • Pittsburgh International Airport Terminal (1990) - Available for Case Study Contribution
  • Pittsburgh International Airport, Short Term Parking Facility - Available for Case Study Contribution

Steel Structures



Wood Structures
  • Available for Case Study Contribution

Earthquake Related Failure Cases

Earthquake Lessons Learned - Buildings

  • 1940 El Centro Earthquake (1940 Imperial Valley Earthquake) Available



  • 1971 San Fernando (Sylmar) Earthquake Remembered Available for full case study
  • 1979 Imperial Valley Earthquake - Available




Environmental

  • New York State Office Building, Binghampton, NY, PCB Contamination
  • Santa Fe Courthouse Contaminated Soil Construction Delay, Sana Fe, New Mexico -(2009)


Ethics & Standard of Care



Expansion and Movement

  • David L. Lawrence Convention Center Expansion Joint Failure / Loading Dock Floor Collpase (Feb. 5, 2007)
  • Wilkins AFB Warehouse, Shelby, OH (1955) and Robins AFB Warehouse, Macon, GA (1956) - Available for Case Study Contribution

Geotechnical / Foundations


Hurricane / Tornado / High Wind


Historic & Preservation



  • Cape Hatteras Light Station - Preservation and Relocation (1999)
  • Darlington Apartment Building Collapse (1904)
  • Elks Lodge Building Collapse, Clinton MO (2006) - Available for Case Study Contribution
  • Fallingwater - Restoration and Structural Reinforcement (AE 537 2010)
  • Majestic Theater, Pittsburgh, PA (1922) - Available for Case Study Contribution
  • Trinity Church, Boston, MA - Available for Case Study Contribution
  • United States Capitol Dome - Condition Assessment and Restoration (AE 537 2010)
  • Washington Momument - Evaluation & Restoration - Available for Case Study Contribution



Industrial Accidents / Collapses

  • Deepwater Horizon Oil Rig Explosion & Fire

Legal Issues in Failures & Forensics

  • Economic Loss Doctrine applied to Construction

Long-Span Structures

(Also refer to: Stadiums & Arenas )

  • Cover-All Building Systems Inc. Safety Warnings on Product Lines
  • Georgia Dome - Atlanta, GA - Fabric Roof Panel Failures (August 1995)
  • Hartford Civic Center (Jan. 18, 1978)
  • Kansas City Kemper Arena (June 4, 1979)
  • King Dome - Seattle, WA - Roofing, Waterproofing & Ceiling Tile Failure (1993)
  • Montreal Olympic Stadium (Multiple failures including fire, tower and roof damage in 1980's, falling concrete slab in 1991 and Fabric Roof Failure in January 1999.
  • SkyDome - Toronto - Acoustical Sound Tiles / Panel Fall Failure (June 22, 1995)

Material Deficiencies


Concrete Materials, Mixes & Testing


Masonry - Brick, Concrete & Stone

  • Overview

Steel, Welds, and Metallurgy


  • Atlantic Richfield Towers, Los Angeles, CA (Lamellar Tearing) - Available for Case Study Contribution
  • El Paso Civic Center, Texas, (Lamellar Tearing) - Available for Case Study Contribution
  • Hancock Tower, Chicago, IL (Lamellar Tearing) - Available for Case Study Contribution
  • Wolftrap Performing Arts Center, Fairfax, VA (1985) - Available for Case Study Contribution
  • Hancock Tower, Chicago, IL - Available for Case Study Contribution

Wood Defects and Treatment

  • Overview

Near Collapses & Stability Concerns

  • Pigeonhole Parking Garage - Cleveland (1956) - Available for Case Study Contribution

Parking Garages - Various Causes




Progressive Collapse


Snow Load - Roof Collapse




  • Skenderija Center - 1984 Olympic Skating / Hockey (February 12, 2012), Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina - Available See Starter Article
  • Other Snow Collapse Cases or Storm Summaries:
    • Weiss Furniture Warehouse Collapse, Derry Township, PA (March 2010)

Temporary Structures

(Stages, Platforms, Show Rigging, etc.)

Terrorism and Attack




Sample Pages for Workshop & Teaching Purposes: